What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease

Severe gum infections can damage the gums and destroy the jaws.

Periodontitis is very common, but it can be prevented. The cause is usually poor oral hygiene. Periodontitis can cause tooth loss. This is a risk factor for heart and lung diseases also.

Periodontitis includes symptoms that include swelling, redness, and softening of the gums. Treatment includes professional cleaning of the pockets around the teeth to prevent damage to the surrounding bones. Advanced cases may require surgery.

Subsequently, the term gum disease means an increase in the growth of bacteria and the production of other factors that gradually destroy the tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth. Periodontal means around the teeth.

Gum disease starts with dental plaque, which always forms on your teeth, even if you don’t know it. When it accumulates to an excessive level, it will harden into a substance called tartar (tartar) in just 24 hours. Tartar is tightly integrated with teeth and can only be removed when professionally cleaned.

There are two main phases of gum disease namely Gingivitis and periodontitis. The characteristics of each stage are what the dentist sees and feels in your mouth, and what is happening below the gum line. Although gingivitis usually precedes periodontitis, it is important to know that not all gingivitis will develop into periodontitis.

In the early stages of gingivitis, the gums will become swollen and bleed, usually when brushing your teeth. Although bleeding is not always a symptom of gingivitis, it indicates that your mouth is unhealthy and needs attention. The gums may be inflamed, but the teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets. No bone or other tissue damage occurred at this stage. Although dental disease is still a serious public health problem in the United States, recent developments show that this situation is by no means hopeless.

Frederick N. Hyman of DDS, a dental officer in the FDA’s Department of Dermatology and Dental Drug Products, said that since people seem to be paying more and more attention to oral hygiene in personal beauty, the reward is a “decrease in gingivitis in recent years.

If gingivitis is not treated, it may develop into periodontitis. At this time, the inner layers of gums and bones are pulled out (remaining) from the teeth and form pockets. These small spaces between the teeth and gums may collect debris and may become infected. When dental plaque spreads and grows below the gum line, the body’s immune system fights the bacteria. 

In fact, bacterial toxins and human enzymes that fight toxins begin to break down the bones and connective tissues that hold the teeth in place. As time passes away the disease progresses, also the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed leading to more pain. At this point, since there are no more anchors for the teeth, they gradually become loose, and the end result is tooth loss. 

So, it is always suggested to take care of your oral health on priority as oral health decides the overall health of the human body.

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