Year after year, tooth decay has been one of the most common diseases that people face. Tooth decay occurs when dental plaque (the sticky substance formed on the teeth) binds to the sugar in the food we eat. The acid produced by this combination can damage and weaken tooth enamel. Although there is no professional dental treatment that can cure tooth decay but you can take some measures to prevent tooth decay. Let us understand tooth decay in more detail.
What is Tooth Decay?
Food and bacteria can cause tooth decay. Dental plaque always forms in the mouth. This sticky substance enters your gums and then on your teeth. It contains bacteria, which feed on the sugar in the food we eat. When bacteria feed, they produce acid. This acid can erode your teeth in the future. If left untreated, decay will spread in the entire tooth and in all its layers. When tooth decay enters the dentin layer through the enamel, you may feel pain or sensitivity on the consumption of hot and cold food and drinks. There are more factors and behaviors that can make you more prone to tooth decay.
First of all, not brushing your teeth may be the biggest factor. Brush with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day and make sure to floss regularly. Make an appointment with your dental office for cleaning and examination services to keep your teeth in good condition and keep cavities ahead. If you eat foods that are high in sugar, then there are more chances of feeding bacteria in your mouth. You may have heard it before, but avoid sweets, sodas, juices and biscuits. Limit the number of snacks between meals, because increased consumption of sugary foods increases the risk of decay.
How Does a Cavity Happen?
If you regularly consume sugary drinks or food or have frequent exposure of your teeth to acid can cause tooth decay. Over time, the acid that continues to erode the teeth may cause the demineralization of tooth enamel. Reversible white spots on your teeth mean that you have lost some minerals and it also indicates that you may be heading towards tooth decay.
How to Prevent Tooth Decay from Getting Worse
Although there is no cure, still you can try to stop it as soon as possible through a good oral care program. This includes the purchase of an electric toothbrush to help in removing plaque and prevent tooth decay from forming in the first place. It is also important to realize that enamel can use the minerals in saliva to repair itself, and this is largely due to sources of fluoride such as toothpaste.
How to Treat Tooth Decay
Although this depends on the severity of the tooth decay, dental professionals may need to drill holes to remove the decayed part of the tooth and replace it with a filling. If the shape of the tooth is poor, then the dentist may need to remove the severely damaged tooth structure and replace it with a crown, which can be attached to any remaining part of the tooth. If it is so severe that the teeth and nerves are dead then root canal treatment may be required. This involves removing nerves and tissues and tooth decay and placing a crown on top of it. Avoid tooth decay and make sure you keep smiling!