Tooth Decay and Cavities : Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

tooth decay

What Is a Cavity?

Tooth decay is the softening of tooth enamel caused by acid. These acids are produced when plaque bacteria break down sugar in the mouth. It’s actually very simple. Once the tooth enamel is weakened by the acid produced by bacteria, pits or cavities are formed on the tooth surface. 

What Causes Cavities and Tooth Decay?

Tooth decay occurs when carbohydrate-containing foods are trapped between the teeth and are not removed by brushing and flossing. Plaque bacteria produce acidic byproducts that erode tooth enamel and slowly form cavities in the teeth. If left untreated, these holes will grow larger over time and may even damage the entire tooth.

The main cause of tooth decay is sugary, sticky foods and drinks. The more sugar is consumed, the more acid is produced, leading to decay. The combination of sugar and plaque will weaken tooth enamel and make you prone to tooth decay. Every time you eat a sugary snack, your teeth are easily damaged by acid in the next 20 minutes. It is important to understand the causes of tooth decay so that you can learn the correct way to care for your teeth and health. 

Common Causes of Tooth Decay and Cavities

Specific foods and drinks. 

 Foods that cling to the teeth are most likely to promote tooth decay. All sugar and most cooked starchy foods are the main plaque promoters, including milk, honey, raisins, hard candies, dried cereals and bread.

Frequent snacking

Some diets recommend eating a few small meals a day to help lose weight or maintain weight loss. But remember, if you eat snacks often, no matter what kind of food, the acid in the food will have more time to damage your teeth. Here is another tip that brushing your teeth after eating can not only remove plaque but also make your mouth cleaner, thereby helping you stick to your diet and reduce the incidence of snacks.

The gums recede. 

If the gums recede, plaque may form near the root of the tooth. The enamel does not protect the plaque and the plaque is more prone to decay.

Cavity and Tooth Decay Treatment

Filling is the most effective treatment for tooth decay and cavities Therefore, if you experience any signs of tooth decay or tooth decay, it is very important to see a dental professional immediately. Also using products containing fluoride helps prevent tooth decay and tooth decay. Fluoride will flow into weak spots to help rebuild these areas before they become hollow. 

The most straightforward treatment is to see the dentist to get filling. Over time, the edges of dental fillings will become rough, and the filling material will weaken and start to decompose. Rough or weak fillings may make it more difficult to remove plaques because these areas will accumulate plaques. 

When filling is needed

If you develop tooth decay that has gone beyond the process of eroding tooth enamel and has formed holes in your teeth, your dentist may recommend filling. The filling can be made of a tooth-colored resin or various materials that may contain mercury. 

If your teeth are badly decayed, the dentist may use crowns instead of fillings to repair the damage. The crown is larger than the filling, once the decayed area is removed, the crown will cover the top of the tooth. The crown is usually made of porcelain, gold, or a combination of porcelain and metal.

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